2013 Submitted Papers
The BISA Conference Papers Database aims to be a valuable resource for anyone interested in BISA studies. It contains abstracts and papers presented by established academics, practitioners and doctoral students at previous BISA conferences.
(Re)imagining Eurasianism: (Geo)political and (geo)cultural practices of Kazakhstan in the preservation of its security
Containing Territorial Transnational Actors: Israel, Hezbollah, and Hamas
Containment has been salient in intellectual and policy debates for 60 years. It informed US foreign policy towards the USSR and, later, the so-called rogue states. While there is a rich literature on state containment, research on containing territorial transnational actors (TNA) is limited. This article examines Israel’s foreign policy of containment towards two territorial TNA: Hezbollah and Hamas. It argues that Israel pursued two distinct forms of containment—limited and comprehensive—towards Hezbollah and Hamas respectively. The analysis is grounded in the ideas of the chief architect of containment—George F. Kennan—within the debate on, and practice of, containment. Thus, the article explores what might be the implications of the Israeli experience for the broader debate on containment, particularly with regard to territorial TNA. Three issues are highlighted: the circumstances of containment; its applicability to non-state actors; and the role of legitimacy as a component of containment.
Deconstructing security – locating the political
What emerges from our empirical research projects is that critical enquiries into security politics should take care not to privilege the moment/event of security threats over the ‘everyday’. Rather, a la Huysmans (1998) and feminist interventions (e.g. Enloe 2000), we argue that critical approaches must encompass how the moment of security is always already implicated in ‘everyday’ political discourses. Waever et al.’s (e.g. 1995) focus on the speech act as a transformative act gives us a too rigid separation between the state of emergency and the discourses that are central to constructing it. Even a discourse theoretical (e.g. Torfing 2005) treatment of the subject, where the definition of ‘security’ is wide, brings us closer to understanding how the political constructs ‘security’, yet it still premises this understanding on an underexplored separation between ‘security’ and the ‘politics’ that precedes it. We draw on our research projects’ in-depth analysis of security articulations by political elites in the UK and US to deconstruct ‘security’ and thus (re)locate the political in the articulations, performances and practices that constitute it.